Plastic is literally omnipresent. Be it in office, schools, homes, or an open city place, most things around would be either made from plastic or would have atleast one plastic item as its constituent.
Thus, as evident, we are totally addicted to plastics in our daily lives without little or no knowledge about what this might cause in our near future. Plastic is harmful to every form of life on this planet and is a slow catastrophic agent to all elements of Earth—air, soil, and water. That concerns us to the core and as a result, we have put stringent efforts over the past few decades to make humanity more conscious against plastic. Having thus dived deep into the global phenomena that is plastic over-usage, we are now more resolved in our aim than ever before for the benefit of life and our beautiful planet.
There are a myriad of plastic elements available all over the world. While some among them are not known to cause any substantial harm, most can inflict irreplaceable damage to health and the environment.
Plastic particles can leach from the plastic containers we use and enter into the stored food or liquid. As we consume the same, the particles enter our body and can harm our vital organs. These can also affect our progenies or future generations.
PET or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is the most widely used form of plastic all over the world, the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family. A common application of the same is the plastic bottle you are supposedly holding right now while reading this piece.
This is also utilized in the clothing industry as fibres, containers for liquid and solid item storage, thermoforming activities during manufacturing operations, and with glass fibres for engineering resins. To add more, manufacturing of PET bottles requires chemicals such as Antimony which often leach into the stored item inside the bottles, causing irreplaceable damage to vital organs of the human body.
Plastics are used everywhere. The most common usage is mainly plastic bottles or plastic containers that are used to store liquids such as soft drinks, motor oil, cooking oil, body oil, shampoo, milk, and even medicines.
The first commercial usage of plastic bottles dates back to 1947, but they were comparatively expensive until high density polyethylene came to the market. In a short matter of time, they become widely popular all over their globe amongst manufacturers and end consumers alike due to their low production and transportation costs, low buying costs, and lightweight nature compared to the conventional glass counterparts.
Different types of polymers:
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